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From Ancient Artistry to Modern Mastery: GIO Tile Looks at the Timeless Charm of Lecce Stone

Piazza del Duomo, Lecce, Apulia, Italy. By Tango7174, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons

Lecce stone, a warm, malleable limestone, has been the cornerstone of architectural beauty in Italy’s southern region, especially in the Salento region and its capital, Lecc, often referred to as the “Florence of the South.” This unique limestone has played a central role in shaping the region’s buildings and sculptures, defining the aesthetic of what is often referred to as Baroque Leccese. Let’s delve into the historical journey of Lecce stone from its ancient origins to its contemporary uses, highlighting how this natural resource has shaped artistic and architectural trends over the millennia.

Historical Roots

The use of Lecce stone dates back to over a thousand years, deeply intertwined with the architectural fabric of Puglia, especially during the Roman era. Its softness, which hardens over time when exposed to air, made it an ideal material for the elaborate carvings characteristic of Baroque architecture. The Romans first utilized it to construct their grand villas and public baths, appreciating its easy-to-carve nature, which allowed for intricate detailing.

The Golden Age of Lecce Stone

The golden age of Lecce stone coincided with the flourishing of Baroque architecture in the 17th century, during which Salento saw the construction of numerous churches, palaces, and public buildings that showcased the stone’s elaborate and expressive capabilities. The stone is ideal for the ornate carvings of floral motifs, cherubs, mythical figures, and elaborate scrollwork that typify the Baroque aesthetic. Its ability to be carved into fine, lace-like details allows architects and artisans to create depth and shadow effects that are visually striking.

Clockwise from top left: Church of Santa Croce; Roman Theatre; the cathedral’s bell tower; Lecce Cathedral (“Cattedrale di Santa Maria Assunta”); and Porta Napoli, in Viale Università. By DaniDF1995 (collage)Laibniz, Filippo Caranti aka Terrasque, Paolo da Reggio, Lupiae, Colar – , CC BY-SA 3.0

Contemporary Applications of Lecce Stone

In modern times, Lecce stone continues to be a popular material, revered not only for its historical significance but also for its versatility and striking aesthetic appeal. It is used in modern buildings either as a primary material or as an accent to other materials, providing a link between the new constructions and the historical context of the area. Interior designers also utilize Lecce stone for features like wall claddings, floor tiles, and decorative interior elements, blending traditional craftsmanship with modern aesthetics. Designers and architects today celebrate Lecce stone for its organic texture and warm, natural hues that can add a visually captivating element to both traditional and contemporary styles.

Lecce stone’s journey from ancient Roman times to the present day is a testament to its enduring appeal and versatility. This stone tells the story of Salento’s history, traditions, and artistic heritage, making it a central element in both preservation and innovation within local architecture. Its role in the art and architecture of Italy—past and present—underscores a legacy of beauty, artistry, and cultural heritage. The stone’s timeless elegance continues to inspire new generations of artists and architects, making it a perennial favorite in the world of design and construction.

Love the Look of Lecce Stone?

GIO Tile has expertly captured the essence of the historic Lecce stone in our latest porcelain tile collection, Salento. This series is designed to mirror the distinctive warm, creamy hues and fine-grained texture of authentic Lecce limestone, making it a perfect choice for both traditional and modern interiors. Salento porcelain tile is available in 8×16, 16×24, and a Versailles pattern. Reach out today for a sample of Salento! (Free to the trade.)

GIO Salento, Versailles Pattern
GIO Salento, Versailles Pattern


How Can You Learn About GIO Tile Products?

New catalog cover-2017

We created GIO, not because the world needed another brand of tile and stone, but because we saw a need in the commercial design arena for better surfacing options, service, and solutions. Our carefully curated selections of tile and stone products are the result of continually monitoring global design trends and technological advances in the tile industry. This means we’re constantly making changes to our product line-up; as things change in the tile industry, so do we! So how can those in the A&D community learn about our products?

Architectural Binders & Samples

Our architectural binders are specifically designed to present our tile collections in a clear and eye-catching fashion. The binders are constructed of strong materials to hold the samples and are a useful and attractive addition to your resource library. Need larger samples? No problem – we also have sample boards and loose samples of individual tiles to help you give your client a “bigger picture.” Whether you want binders, samples, or both, getting them is as simple as picking up the phone or making your sample request by email. We’ll then ship them out immediately or deliver them in person if feasible.

In Person Meetings

We’re happy to meet with you and your team members! Not only do we love talking tile and showing off our collections, but we also want to hear about your design projects. While we’re always here for you to offer guidance in your technical specifications, your feedback is invaluable to our commitment to knowing what designers really need and want to not only meet – but to exceed client expectations.

GIO Website

Our website is designed for easy navigation, with information presented in a clear and forthright manner so you can quickly identify the looks and technical characteristics you require. The GIO site is also responsive, meaning it automatically changes to fit the device you’re reading it on. Keeping our product offerings current and up-to-date has always been a priority. Any product changes, large or small, are reflected almost immediately so you can depend on our website for accuracy.

GIO Catalog

The GIO catalog is a comprehensive compilation of  all products lines, a colors index, technical specifications, and tile patterns. It is available for download on our site here, or in our beautiful printed version. The new GIO Tile 2017-18 Catalog is in the works and will be released soon, so be sure to connect with us to receive the new catalog and stay up-to-date with your GIO architectural binders.


Our goal is to be here for you, with the tools and information you need, wherever you may be. Please take this one minute survey to help us understand how you use product resources. Thank you for sharing your insights!

GIO Looks at the Brutalist Architectural Movement

Unite d'Habitation, Marseille
Unite d’Habitation, Marseille (By Crookesmoor – Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0)

The Brutalist architectural movement flourished from the 1950s to the mid-1970s, and though it is sometimes classified as its own distinctive subtype, Brutalism is considered a variant of post-war modernism. The name is derived from the French word for “raw” in the phrase coined by Le Corbusier (while constructing his Unite d’Habitation in Marseille, France) to describe his choice of material, béton brut (raw concrete).

The Brutalist style is most associated with concrete, but it is meant to describe buildings of the 1950s through the early 1970s that showcase masonry materials in an honest way, reflecting back to history but with a modern interpretation. While the style shares with Modernism the fundamental principle promoted by Louis Sullivan and his successors, that “form forever follows function,” Brutalism was a reaction against early modernism which claimed to honestly express materiality, but was in fact covering each building with plaster and paint.

Brutalism rose to popularity in the 1950s and mostly fell out of favor in the last few decades, though there were sporadic resurgences in South America and the Middle East. The style is controversial, with critics finding it unappealing due to its “cold” appearance and using words such as “hideous”,”inhuman”, and “monstrous” to describe the buildings. Many of the buildings suffered from urban decay due to neglect and materials weathering poorly in certain climates. By the 1980s and 90s the plan in many areas was to knock down the worst offenders.

Today, many people now see the beauty in brutalism. There are blogs, websites, and architectural tours devoted to a re-evaluation of the movement, and buildings once deemed monstrosities are now national treasures. Several Brutalist buildings have been granted historic status, and others have been the subject of conservation campaigns; fortunately, many examples of this fascinating architectural style have survived demolition. 

Check out our Pinterest board to see many great examples of Brutalist architecture.

Gio brings  you only the finest commercial grade products, hand-picked from global sources based on our focused knowledge of what you need to to transform commercial spaces. Contact us anytime – we’re here to work with you!